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What is Insomia

Insomnia is the feeling of inadequate or poor sleep because of one or more of the following: trouble falling asleep, trouble remaining asleep, awakening too early, or non-restorative sleep.

Understanding Insomnia:

Insomnia is a commonly known sleep disorder. Problems falling asleep, remaining asleep during the night, and sleeping as late as one would like in the morning are all signs of Insomnia. In addition, it may have detrimental effects, including excessive daytime sleepiness, an increased risk of car accidents, and extensive sleep-related health issues.

The average adult needs seven to nine hours of sleep per night, but individual needs for optimal performance vary. Therefore, both the quantity and the quality of your sleep are essential. In addition, being unable to fall asleep has the same adverse effects on your health as tossing, turning, and waking up frequently.

Types of Insomnia:

Acute and chronic Insomnia are the two types of Insomnia, i.e., Insomnia can be a short-term or persistent problem. Acute Insomnia is when symptoms only last a few nights; it frequently results from external factors such as being unable to fall asleep because of a big event the following day. There are a lot of people who have at least once experienced this kind of sleeplessness. 

Contrarily, chronic Insomnia is a sleep disorder that lasts for at least three months and affects at least three evenings a week. Contrary to the underlying reasons for the acute disease, chronic Insomnia frequently connects to other medical or mental health conditions.

In short:

  1. Short-term Insomnia is the type that lasts for a few days or weeks.
  2. Sleep problems that persist for three months or more are considered chronic Insomnia.

Symptoms of Insomnia:

The following may be symptoms of Insomnia:

  • The inability to fall asleep or the need to get up in the middle of the night.
  • Difficulty falling asleep again.
  • Being worn out or fatigued during the day.
  • Irritability or a negative attitude.
  • Concentration issues.
  • Difficulty remembering, focusing on tasks, or paying attention.
  • Increased mistakes or mishaps.

Causes of Insomnia:

There are many potential reasons for Insomnia, and several contributing aspects may be frequent. In addition, Insomnia has a complicated cause-and-effect relationship with other health issues since it can worsen them or cause them to flare up. 

The onset of Insomnia can be caused by a variety of environmental, physiological, and psychological causes, such as:

  • Depression, anxiety disorders, or other mental health issues.
  • Chronic illnesses, such as cancer.
  • Life’s stresses might come from one’s job, relationships, finances, and more.
  • Fluctuating hormone levels are brought on by menstruation, menopause, thyroid disease, or other conditions.
  • Prescription drugs and other drugs.
  • Arthritis-related or caused by another condition, chronic pain.
  • Digestive illnesses like heartburn.
  • Neurological conditions.
  • Other sleep disorders

Different lifestyle decisions can cause sleeping issues, such as:

  • Staying up until late at night, keeping the brain active by working late, playing video games, or utilizing other electronics.
  • Late-afternoon naps might mess with your sleep schedule and make it difficult to go to sleep at night.
  • To make up for lost sleep, sleeping in later can throw off your body’s natural clock and make it challenging to develop a regular sleep regimen.
  • Utilizing your bed for purposes other than sleeping can lead to associations between your bed and being awake.

Although frequently disregarded, eating decisions can affect sleep issues, including Insomnia. The following are a few examples:

  • When consumed in the afternoon and evening, caffeine is a stimulant that can stay in the body for hours, making it difficult to fall asleep and perhaps causing Insomnia. Another stimulant that might impair sleep is nicotine.
  • Because it disrupts the sleep cycle and results in fragmented, non-restorative sleep, alcohol, a sedative that can make one feel drowsy, can worsen sleep.
  • When taken later in the evening, eating hearty meals and spicy foods can be difficult on your digestive system and may cause issues with sleeping.

Some Cymbalta users frequently experience Insomnia as a side effect. For example, 10% or more of Cymbalta users report having sleeplessness. While there are numerous potential reasons for Insomnia, one probably has Cymbalta-induced insomnia if they’re only starting to show symptoms now. In addition, the withdrawal and termination of Cymbalta can also cause Insomnia.

Insomnia and Addiction:

There may be a complicated and reciprocal relationship between the two. For example, substance use leads to sleep issues, but insomnia and insufficient sleep may also be drug use and addiction risk factors.

Since lack of sleep causes numerous physical and emotional problems that some people will try to self-medicate with drugs or alcohol, addiction and insomnia frequently coexist. About half of those who frequently abuse alcohol or narcotic medications and have sleep difficulties do so to improve sleep.

Moreover, among those in recovery from a substance use disorder, Insomnia is one of the most prevalent symptoms. Continued drug misuse and prolonged withdrawal from a substance modify how people fall asleep, and this change might leave some recovering drug users sleepless for days or weeks. Many people have such severe Insomnia that it forces them to relapse in order to get some sleep.

Treatment for Insomnia for People Who Suffer from Substance Abuse Disorder (Addiction):

It may not be the safest course of action to treat Insomnia with medicine if one has a history of drug addiction, as prescription drug abuse is a risk. However, as a substitute, your healthcare provider can advise concentrating on therapy and lifestyle modifications to enhance your sleep habits. In addition, numerous complementary health methods, including yoga, meditation, and dietary supplements, have been found to be effective in treating Insomnia.

Basic Instructions given by doctors are:

  • Follow a sleeping pattern. Even on weekends, try to maintain a regular bedtime and wake-up time.
  • Continue to be active.
  • Limit or avoid napping.
  • Avoid or limit your consumption of alcohol, nicotine, and caffeine.
  • Pre-bedtime drinks and heavy meals should be avoided.

Addiction-related health problems can be challenging to manage. Drug Rehab facilities are extremely beneficial in the treatment of substance addiction. In addition, psychologists can offer assistance in helping patients overcome addictions, cope with stressful situations, and manage their chronic conditions. Talk to a doctor or mental health care professional if the behavior is causing distress and disrupting your life.

Consult a Doctor to get the right help for your addiction issues and its related health problems.

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