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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment:


Post-traumatic stress disorder is a mental health situation accelerated by a terrifying circumstance, either experiencing it or noticing it. Indications may include nightmares, flashbacks, severe anxiety, and uncontrollable impressions about the event. Most people who go through traumatic circumstances may have difficulty modifying and coping, but they usually get better with good habits and time. If the indications worsen, last for years, and deter your everyday functioning, you may have post-traumatic stress disorder.

Symptoms Of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder:

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms may begin within one month of a traumatic incident, but sometimes indications may not occur until years after the incident. These indications cause substantial problems in social or work problems and in connections. They can also deter your capacity to go about your regular daily assignments.

Post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms are commonly grouped into four types: avoidance, intrusive memories, adverse changes in thinking and in physical and emotional reactions. Symptoms can differ over time or vary from person to person.

Intrusive Memories

Indications of intrusive memories may comprise:

  • Periodic, unwanted distressing recollections of the traumatic incident
  • Reliving the traumatic incident as if it were occurring again
  • Upsetting dreams about the traumatic incident
  • Severe emotional distress or physical outcomes to something that recollects you of the traumatic incident


Indications of avoidance may comprise:

  • Avoid thinking about the traumatic incident
  • Preventing places, activities or people that remember you of the traumatic incident
  • Adverse changes in thinking

Ptsd addiction indications of adverse changes in thinking and mood are:

  • Negative thoughts about yourself, other people 
  • Despair about the future
  • Memory crises, comprising not recalling essential facets of the traumatic event
  • Problem maintaining close connections
  • Feeling independent from family and friends
  • Absence of interest in actions you once enjoyed
  • Problem experiencing positive emotions

Changes In Emotional And Physical Reactions:

Symptoms of modifications in emotional and physical reactions may include:

  • Being easily stunned or frightened
  • Constantly being on guard for threat
  • Self-destructive behavior like drinking too much
  • Trouble concentrating
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Irritability, furious outbursts, or aggressive attitude
  • Overwhelming shame or guilt

Diagnosis Of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder:

To diagnose a person is suffering from PTSD, your doctor will likely:

  • Conduct a physical exam to check for medical difficulties that may be resulting in your symptoms
  • Do a psychological examination that comprises a discussion of your symptoms and signs and the event that led up to them
  • Use the standards in the DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) circulated by the APA (American Psychiatric Association).

Diagnosis of PTSD expects exposure to an incident that involves the actual or apparent threat of violence, death, or severe injury. Your susceptibility can happen in one or more of these means:

  • You directly encountered the traumatic incident
  • You noticed, in person, the traumatic incident occurring to others
  • You are frequently exposed to pictorial details of traumatic events (for instance, if you are a first responder to the event of traumatic events)
  • You may have post-traumatic stress disorder if the difficulties you experience after this exposure proceed for more than a month and cause substantial problems in your capacity to function in social and work environments and negatively affect relationships.

Treatment Of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder can help you recoup a sense of control over life. The primary treatment is psychotherapy, but it can also comprise medication. Incorporating these treatments can help enhance your symptoms by:

  • Teaching your abilities to address your indications
  • Enabling you to think better about yourself and the world
  • Learning means coping if any indications arise again
  • Dealing with other problems frequently related to traumatic experiences, such as anxiety, depression, or misuse of alcohol or drugs
  • You do not have to handle the burden of PTSD yourself.


Various types of psychotherapy, also called talk therapy, may be utilized to treat PTSD. Some kinds of psychotherapy used in PTSD treatment are:

  • Cognitive Therapy: This kind of talk therapy helps you comprehend the means of thinking (cognitive patterns) that are keeping you stuck for instance, negative assumptions about yourself and the danger of traumatic things occurring again. For PTSD, cognitive therapy is used with exposure therapy.
  • Exposure therapy: This behavioral therapy enables you to safely face both situations that you find frightening so that you can understand to cope with them effectively. Exposure therapy can be beneficial for flashbacks. One method uses virtual reality procedures that enable you to re-enter the location where you encountered trauma.
  • Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing. EMDR incorporates exposure therapy with a suite of guided eye movements that enable you to process traumatic memories and alter how you respond to them.

Your therapist can assist you in formulating stress management skills to help you better deal with stressful situations and bear with pressure in your life. All these methods can help you gain control of enduring fear after a traumatic incident. You and your health professional can communicate what type or a mix of therapies may best meet your requirements. You may try group therapy, individual therapy, or both. Group therapy can deliver a way to relate to others through related experiences.


Various types of PTSD meds can help enhance symptoms of PTSD:

  • Antidepressants: These medications can cure anxiety and depression. They can also enhance concentration and sleep problems. The SSRI (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor), paroxetine (Paxil), and medications sertraline (Zoloft).
  • Anti-anxiety medications: These drugs can alleviate severe anxiety and relevant problems. Some anti-anxiety medicines have the capacity for abuse, so they are typically used only for a short time.
  • Prazosin: While various studies implied that prazosin (Minipress) might lessen or suppress nightmares in some people with post-traumatic stress disorder, more recent research showed no advantage over a placebo. But participants in the current study differed from others in ways that potentially could influence the results. People considering prazosin should talk to a doctor to infer whether or not their specific situation might merit a trial of this medication PTSD. 



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